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In recent times there has been an increase in the number of bed bug infestations. Bed bugs are common all over the world and also have been found in Australia in tiny numbers. Recently they've become widespread with infestations increasing substantially in Victoria, and many areas of the Earth, over the last ten years. .
The main reason for the increase is thought to be caused by insecticide resistance; modern bed bugs are exceptionally resilient to many of those commonly used insecticides. Other contributing factors include the increase in world traveling with bed bugs being dispersed in bags, shoes and clothing. Once obtained at high turnover accommodation, the hitchhiking bed bugs may then be transported and introduced back to the homes of guests in their luggage.
Many hostels have now banned the usage of travellers own sleeping linen in common accommodation as a security precaution against this insect.
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In ancient infestations, bed bugs are usually found around the seams, beading and folds of mattresses, sleeping bags and sheets. Later, as the infestation spreads, the bugs move to any tiny crevices, which may be in bed heads, skirting boards, cracks in plaster and bedroom furniture. Due to their color, adult bed bugs can easily be seen with the naked eye on sheets and bedding, but very tough to view on brown wooden floors and other dark surfaces.
Heavily used hiding areas are evident from black or brown spots of blood excrement or spotting. There might be an offensive candy tacky odour when bed bugs are numerous. This odour described as buggy is similar to the odour when a stink bug is squashed. White eggs, the egg cases and moulted skin cubes might also be found near these areas, in addition to living bed bugs. .
Bed bugs use pheromones to communicate. This system of communication and the launch of alarm pheromones can make them very hard to treat as bed bugs become awake and quickly vacate the region being treated if not previously properly quarantined.
Bed bugs can spread into a new residence by traveling between multi-unit housing such as dormitories and apartment buildings. Once they find a suitable host, bed bugs will nourish and are very likely to haven in close proximity. In this see page case, new locations can easily become infested with bed bugs in a brief amount of time. .
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Different people have varying reactions to the bites of bed bugs, depending on a number of variables. Some individuals have little or no reaction to the bite. In others the sting site can become red and intensely itchy. This can occur during the course of the night or may take up to grow.
The red wheals may range from 2 cm to 5 cm in width with inflammation common. Anaphylactic shock could possibly occur in individuals which are contagious, although this is quite rare. .
Discomfort and reduction of sleep is common in the effects of bed bugs. Bites may be found on many different areas on the body. Another characteristic is that the bites are in orderly rows, unlike the random pattern of mosquitoes. These rows are brought on by the bed bug being disturbed during feeding and having to pierce the skin to nourish again.
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Bed bugs mainly feed on humans but will also feed on other mammals and poultry if necessary. Although they can carry diseases such as hepatitis they are not known to transfer such ailments to other individuals.
The survival of mattress bug eggs is also an issue. It's not uncommon for the reside bed bugs amongst an infestation to be completely eradicated during an effective treatment cycle, only to have the remaining or surviving eggs hatch and populate the location once again. The eggs can also have an incubation period up to two weeks and could be deposited in hidden read this areas that are difficult to treat. .
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This stubborn tendency of bed bug infestations are made more problematic because of the now smaller size of this newly re-emerged bed bug nymph. Once an infestation is discovered, all adjoining rooms need to be inspected and treated if also affected.
This can be completed by the use of adhesive tape (if insect numbers are very little ) to trap the insect. Vacuuming is also recommended before chemical treatment because it eliminates all dust and debris from the website of the infestation making it easier for following chemical control to penetrate and in turn succeed.